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Monkeypox Virus Disease Cases Outbreak , Symptoms and Vaccine Details

Monkeypox Virus Disease Cases Outbreak , Symptoms and Vaccine : monkeypox , symptoms, monkeypox vaccine,monkeypox cases, monkeypox rash ,What is monkeypox , Monkeypox primarily occurs in central and west Africa, often in proximity to tropical rainforests, and has been increasingly appearing in urban areas. Animal hosts include a range of rodents and non-human primates.

Monkeypox Symptoms

What is Monkeypox ?

Monkeypox is a viral zoonotic infection caused by the Monkeypox virus. Monkeypox virus is transmitted from one person to another by close contact with lesions, body fluids, respiratory droplets and contaminated materials such as bedding.


How does Monkeypox Virus Spreads ?

Monkeypox Virus can spreads with two types such as person to person and another is animal to person. Here we explained two types of monkeypox virus spreads .


Person to Person

Monkeypox spreads from person to person through close contact with someone who has a monkeypox rash, including through face-to-face, skin-to-skin, mouth-to-mouth or mouth-to-skin contact, including sexual contact. We are still learning about how long people with monkeypox are infectious for, but generally they are considered infectious until all of their lesions have crusted over, the scabs have fallen off and a new layer of skin has formed underneath.


Animal to Person

Monkeypox can spread to people when they come into physical contact with an infected animal. Animal hosts include rodents and primates. The risk of catching monkeypox from animals can be reduced by avoiding unprotected contact with wild animals, especially those that are sick or dead (including their meat and blood). In endemic countries where animals carry monkeypox, any foods containing animal meat or parts should be cooked thoroughly before eating.


Monkeypox Symptoms & signs

Monkeypox can cause a range of signs and symptoms.  While some people have mild symptoms, others may develop more serious symptoms and need care in a health facility. Those at higher risk for severe disease or complications include people who are pregnant, children and persons that are immunocompromised.


Monkey pox common symptoms

Most common symptoms of monkeypox include fever, headache, muscle aches, back pain, low energy, and swollen lymph nodes. This is followed or accompanied by the development of a rash which can last for two to three weeks. The rash can be found on the face, palms of the hands, soles of the feet, eyes, mouth, throat, groin, and genital and/or anal regions of the body. The number of lesions can range from one to several thousand. Lesions begin flat, then fill with liquid before they crust over, dry up and fall off, with a fresh layer of skin forming underneath.


Monkeypox Vaccine 

Mass vaccination is not required nor recommended for monkeypox at this time. For contacts of cases, post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is recommended with an appropriate second- or third-generation vaccine, ideally within four days of first exposure to prevent onset of disease. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is recommended for health workers at risk, laboratory personnel working with orthopoxviruses, clinical laboratory staff performing diagnostic testing for monkeypox, and others who may be at risk as per national policy.Vaccination programmes must be backed by thorough surveillance and contact-tracing, and accompanied by a strong information campaign, robust pharmacovigilance, ideally in the context of collaborative vaccine effectiveness studies with standardized protocols and data collection tools. Decisions on use of smallpox or monkeypox vaccines should be based on a full assessment of risks and benefits on a case-by-case basis.

Monkeypox Virus Disease Outbreak 2022

Till date monkeypox virus spreads around 70 countries in the world. Till now 5 persons died in monkeypox virus. Till date approximately 17000 monkeypox virus cases in the world.


Conclusion 

I hope this information will help for know about monkeypox symptoms, vaccine and monkeypox cases.


Source : WHO                       

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